Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman is the administrative centre of the Amman Governorate. The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a land area of 1,680 square kilometres (648.7 square miles). Today, Amman is considered to be among the most liberal and westernized Arab cities. It is a major tourist destination in the region, particularly among Arab and European tourists.
Jordan's official languages is Arabic, and English is widely spoken especially in the cities.
Jordan is 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
The country's official currency is the Jordanian Dinar (JD), which is equal to 1000 fils, or 100 piasters. It is available in the form of paper currency of 50 dinars, 20 dinars, 10 dinars, 5 dinars and 1 dinars. Also available in the form of coins of half a dinar categories and quarter dinars and 100 fils and 50 fils and 25 fils and 10 fils and 5 fils.
Currency can be exchanged at major banks, exchange booths and at most hotels. Street money-changers are best avoided. Exchange rates are set daily by the Jordanian Central Bank.
Credit cards are accepted at hotels, restaurants and larger shops, including American Express, Visa, Diners Club, and MasterCard. Please note that many smaller shops still prefer cash payment in the Jordanian currency, and it’s essential for shopping in the local souks.
ATM machines are in all the major hotels and outside banks in the major towns in Amman.
Government departments and offices, banks and most of its other offices close on Friday and Saturday of each week. The working hours in the remaining five days (Sunday - Thursday) are from 8.30 am to 3.30 pm.
Amman has extreme examples of microclimate, and almost every district exhibits its own weather. It is known among locals that some boroughs are among the coldest in the city, and can experience frost, while other districts experience much warmer temperatures
Amman's position on the mountains near the Mediterranean climate zone places it under the semi-arid climate classification. Summers are mildly hot and breezy, spring is brief and warm, while winter usually starts around the end of November and continues from early to mid March.
The average daily temperature during December in Amman is 17 °C (63 °F). With snow occasionally falling once or twice a year.
Transportation and Moving In Amman
Queen Alia International Airport is the major international airport in Jordan and the hub for Royal Jordanian, the flag carrier. It is now considered a state-of-the-art airport and was rewarded 'the best airport in the Middle East' for 2014 and 2015 and 'the best improvement in the Middle East' for 2014 by Airport Service Quality Survey, the world's leading airport passenger satisfaction benchmark program.
Airport taxis are readily available outside the terminals, and the prices are displayed near the designated taxi park at the airport’s terminal exits, and you can take the airport taxi when you leave back to the airport. Shuttle buses also link QAIA with Amman’s South terminal (and back) every half-hour between 06.00 and 16:30, every hour between 17:00- 00.00, and every hour between 00:00 – 03:00, only Airport – Amman. The cost of the ticket is JOD3.00.
Taxis are inexpensive and often the most convenient form of transportation in Jordan, even over substantial distances, such as the trip between Amman and Aqaba. The white-painted "service taxis" ride fixed routes and are shared. Private taxis are painted yellow; they can be taken from ranks outside larger hotels, or hailed in the street. Taxis have metres, but these are not always used at night, so it is advisable to agree on the cost beforehand. The same applies to long journeys. Taxi drivers are friendly, know the city well, and usually speak English. It is considered appropriate for a woman to sit in the back of the taxi. Tipping isn't compulsory, but it is customary to add about 200 fils (20 piasters) to the price of the metre.
The city has frequent bus connections to other cities in Jordan, as well as to major cities in neighboring countries. Internal transport is served by a number of bus routes. The two main bus and taxi stations are Abdali (near the King Abdullah Mosque, the Parliament and Palace of Justice) and the Raghadan Central Bus Station near the Roman theatre in the city centre. Popular Jordanian bus company services include JETT and Al-Mahatta.
For more information, please visit: http://www.visitjordan.com/