Egypt

Egyptian National Research and Education Network (EUN)

Introduction
Egyptian Universities Network (EUN) is acting as the National Research and Education Network since its establishment at 1987. In 1987 the Supreme Council of Universities as a coordination authority for the Public Universities in Egypt had a unit for the international relations; this was the Foreign Relations Coordination Unit which had several projects with other countries. One of these projects was University Linkage Project (USAID fund) aimed to connect Egyptian Universities to the American Universities (BITNET) in a data network and its outcome was the formation of the EUN which links Cairo University and some other universities to the world via a leased line connection to Montpellier in France with a speed of 9.6Kbps. In 1989 EUN connected the Egyptian academic community to the international community through the European Academic and Research Network (EARN). In 1993 EUN was connected to the Internet with bandwidth 64 Kbps to become the main and the first gateway to the Internet in Egypt. As of today and due to the rapid increase in the usage of the Internet, the bandwidth has been gradually increased to become more than 3 Gbps. This in addition to the connection to other international networks such as GEANT, Internet2 and GLORIAD. 
 

Egyptian Universities Network
EUN was founded in 1987 under the umbrella of Supreme Council of Universities to serve the higher education community at large. Currently, EUN links all Egyptian universities at a speed that ranges between 34 Mbps and 1 Gbps/university. EUN has a 3 Gbps international link to the Internet and 1l2 Gbps to Geant throught ASREN POP in London.  This is in addition to 1 Gbps to Internet2 going to GLORIAD, this link is provided between EUN and ENSTINET, the research network in Egypt, which serves the universities with 300 Mbps.
 
The entire network serves 27 public universities and 14 research centre plus Al-Azhar University which was built around 1000 years ago, and they have Bibliotheca Alexandrina as a member in this network, they also have about 80 small links to campuses that are outside the main universities buildings. Each university has a link between 34 Mbps and 1 Gbps according to its capacity.
 
EUN has a state of art data center which hosts and manages all the units of the Electronic and Knowledge services center, in addition to some of higher education development projects.
 
EUN also manages and operates the .eg Top Level Domain infrastructure and services. It provides service protocol supporting communications using IPv6 to generate a wide range of IP addresses to all universities in Egypt. 
EUN was connected during the first two phases of EUMEDCONNECT for seven years, and is currently connected to “Geant” and “GLORIAD”. EUN provides value added services by contributing to some European projects such as EUMEDGRID-Support for a grid-computing infrastructure.
 
Electronic and Knowledge Services Center  
EUN as a role model to develop and manage ICT services in the Egyptian Universities, many centralized projects have been established to help enhance the information technology of the higher education process, which resulted in establishing number of units at the Supreme Council of Universities SCU to manage and provide the electronic and knowledge services. These units include EUN, Digital Library Unit (DLU) - Central Unit of Information Technology Training (CUIT) - National E-Learning Center (NELC) - Management Information System (MIS). Accordingly, the Electronic and Knowledge Services Center (EKSC) was established in 2011 to provide comprehensive, stable and developed e-services to the higher education society, in addition to, providing the needed information, statistic data and reports to support the higher education system, and to integrate with the related national institutions, as well as, concentrating on the cooperation with similar international institutions. 
 
Digital Library Unit and Consortia
Within the framework of the Information & Communication Technology Project (ICTP) in the higher education, the Egyptian Universities Libraries Consortium (EULC) has been established in 2006, to be supervised by the Digital Library Unit (DLU), one of the Electronic and Knowledge Service Center (EKSC) units, at the Supreme Council of Universities.  The unit aims to raise the efficiency of the libraries and information services at the Egyptian universities, through using the web 2 generation applications which help in providing interactive information. Moreover, it aims to encourage the collaboration between the higher education information institutions, which will lead to reducing the costs, the best utilization of the available resources and maximizing the outputs of these resources to benefit the beneficiaries.
 
National E-Learning Center
The national e-learning center was established in 2005, to be one of the essential projects financed by the Information & Communication Technology Project (ICTP) in the higher education. Then, in 2009 it became part of the Electronic and Knowledge Services Center (EKSC), at the Supreme Council of Universities (SCU). The center aims to enhance the education process in Egypt by promoting the usage of e-learning to be basic criteria in the Egyptian universities. That's in order to be able to compete on the national and international levels. Thus, the center aims to enhance the targeted learning outputs, within the higher education institutions, in Egypt, through the effective usage of information and communication technology applications in supporting the teaching and learning strategies.
    
The NELC governs 22 other centers to produce the e-courses within the governmental universities and its branches. The center provides technical support and consultations in instructional designing, developing, training and marketing e-courses. Its outcomes reach now about 600 courses, which serves about 175,000 students. 
 
ICT Training Unit
Using information and communication technology in enhancing the education process and developing the performance of the administrative, financial, and educational sectors are so critical and valuable issues in the educational process within the universities and educational institutions.
 
Management Information Systems Unit
The Management Information System (MIS) aims to: 
  • Providing the council's members with the information needed to execute their tasks. 
  • Providing decision makers with accurate and complete information to support them in taking the right decision. 
  • Building an integrated management information system to be related to the universities management information system, to support the SCU in performing its tasks. 
  • Improving the working sessions, accuracy, and ability and monitoring the activities. 
  • Improving the decision support system process at the SCU through analytic tools and decision support system models. 
  • Building an information portal on the internet to provide the SCU services to the beneficiaries.
More information: www.eun.eg
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