Bio: Mohamed Gouighri, Professor of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn-Tofail University, Morocco
Mohamed Gouighri started his career as an experimental High Energy Physicist with a PhD degree from the University of Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco. His thesis was in preparation in the time where all the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are ready to be installed in the pit. The first challenge was to study the response of the four LHC experiments to real signal coming from cosmic rays. Mohamed was among the first team working in the electronic calibration of the ATLAS detector and automatized its chain. After the LHC start in 2009, his work focused more in the search for new physics in the Higgs sector. In 2018, the Kénitra University joined the ATLAS experiment and Mohamed is the team leader of the group, several PhD students working in LHC data analysis and the detector upgrade, the High Granularity Timing Detector for the future High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) phase.
Gouighri has started a new collaboration with Hyper-Kamiokande, which is a large research collaboration under construction in the Tochibora mine, about 295 km away from the J-PARC proton accelerator research complex in Tokai, Japan. On the strength of a double Nobel Prize winning experiment Kamiokande/Super-Kamiokande and an extremely successful long baseline neutrino program, this third generation Water Cherenkov detector, Hyper-Kamiokande, is being developed as a leading worldwide experiment.
In the Standard Model of elementary particle physics neutrinos are massless. After the breakthrough discovery of neutrino oscillations in the Super-Kamiokande experiment, the properties of neutrinos have been determined with more details. Therefore, the actuality of finite neutrino mass indicates a theory beyond the Standard Model. However, the field of neutrino research has opened up for further investigations and discoveries.
In 2019 the Japanese government approved a next generation of large-scale water Cherenkov detector, “Hyper-Kamiokande”. It is planned to be an order of magnitude bigger than its predecessor, Super-Kamiokande (SK), with the optimal design consisting of megaton tanks equipped with ultra-high sensitivity photosensors. The Hyper-Kamiokande detector is both a “microscope,” used to observe elementary particles, and a “telescope” for observing the Sun and supernovas, using neutrinos.
The Hyper-Kamiokande collaboration is currently composed of members from institutes coming from 20 countries in 3 different continents.